Tanzania recognises the unity of people, and we look forward to working alongside partners, both old and new, towards ensuring refugees and host communities in Tanzania are given the best opportunities to live alongside one another prosperously and peacefully.”

- Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Hon. Engineer Hamadi Massauni (MP).

  • 50.1 M Population (UNDP)

  • 359,494 Number of Refugees (UNHCR)

  • 28.2 % Poverty Rate (UNDP)

  • 0,531 Human Development Index (UNDP)

  • 2,6% Unemployment Rate (World Bank)

  • 7,0 GDP Growth (World Bank)


Tanzania has a long history of welcoming refugees and asylum-seekers from neighbouring countries, including Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda. The country currently hosts over 359,000 refugees among a total population of 53.4 million. For decades, Tanzania has shown exemplary leadership in supporting durable solutions for refugees in protracted situations, as when it granted citizenship in 2014 to over 168,000 refugees who fled Burundi in 1972.
At the Leaders’ Summit on Refugees on 20 September 2016 in New York, Tanzania renewed its commitment to protect refugees and asylum-seekers. It specifically pledged to:

  1. Continue to receive people fleeing war, political instability and persecution;
  2. Review the 1998 Refugees Act and the 2003 National Refugee Policy to ensure refugee protection is in line with international law and current realities;
  3. Provide durable solutions to the remaining 1972 Burundian refugees who were allowed to apply for Tanzanian citizenship but have not been naturalized;
  4. Strengthen refugee protection by enhancing their access to education and employment; and
  5. Support the global compact on refugees, once it is adopted.
The objective of the application of the CRRF in Tanzania is to support the Government in meeting its commitments towards refugees and deliver on its recent pledges for enhanced protection. The comprehensive response focuses on six thematic areas: reception and admission; emergency response; inclusion and self-reliance; local integration for new Tanzanians; third-country options through resettlement and solutions; and preconditions for voluntary repatriation into country of origin.

Key Needs

  • • The roll-out of the CRRF is impacted by significant shortfalls in the funding of the Burundi emergency response. The 2017 financial requirements for the refugee response plan (RRP) in Tanzania amount to US$ 232.8 million, of which 20% is funded.
  • • Donor support to area-based development programming and new sources of development financing for refugee-hosting regions. The main pillars of Tanzania’s current Five Year Development Plan (FYDP-II) is industrialization and human development. The plan also aims to strengthen the role of local actors in planning and implementation. Yet refugee-hosting regions are characterized by some of the highest levels of deprivation in the country and poor human development outcomes, therefore foreign investments in the regions need to align with national priorities.
  • • Capacity towards a “whole-of-government” approach needs to be built and greater understanding for local government authorities to implement integrated programmes for the benefit of refugees and host communities alike needs to be fostered.

Existing Frameworks

The application of the CRRF in Tanzania builds on existing mechanisms and initiatives. The 1998 Refugees Act and the 2003 National Refugee Policy that govern Tanzania’s refugee policy are under review, providing an opportunity to move towards a settlement approach and towards the inclusion of refugees into national systems of service delivery, such as education and health.
Other mechanisms and initiatives that the CRRF builds on include the Refugee Coordination Model (RCM) for the humanitarian response and the UN Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP II) 2016-2021, which is based on national priorities and on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) centred on the SDG approach of 'leaving no one behind'. Government efforts on the local integration of new Tanzanians will feed into the CRRF, as will the United Nations Joint Programme (UNJP) for Kigoma Region in the Northwest, which fosters an inclusive approach in the support provided to host and refugee communities.
Kigoma Refugee Camps turned into schools, health centres

CRRF Partners

In line with the ‘whole-of-society’ approach outlined in the New York Declaration, the application of the CRRF in Tanzania is led by the Government, facilitated by UNHCR, and guided by broad partnerships in-country. UNHCR and a wide range of humanitarian and development actors, including civil society, are actively participating in the process. The CRRF in Tanzania is coordinated by the CRRF National Steering Committee, which is technically supported by a Secretariat. The NSC's central role is to ensure a comprehensive refugee response through policy, oversight, coordination, and resource mobilization. It is co-chaired by the Ministry of Home Affairs and the President’s Office Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG), and includes the membership of Government line ministries, UN agencies, civil society, development actors, the World Bank, private sector, and academia. The NSC is to work closely with regional and district authorities to ensure effective coordination between national, regional and district levels.

  Latest Documents


  • First Meeting of the National Steering Committee in Dodoma

    The National Steering Committee (NSC) has met for the first time on 7 September 2017 in Dodoma to endorse the CRRF Road Map and Terms of Reference of the CRRF NSC and Secretariat.

  • Upcoming Events