The Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF)

In line with the long tradition of regional cooperation in responding to protection challenges, six States of the region - Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama - adopted the San Pedro Sula Declaration on October 26, 2017, agreeing to work together in the ongoing development and implementation of a Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS in its Spanish acronym).
The MIRPS is a pioneering initiative in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (Annex 1 of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants) and a concrete contribution of the region in the development of the Global Compact on Refugees.
  • 66.8% Poverty Rate (UNDP)

  • 0.606 Human Development Index (UNDP)

  • 6.3% Unemployment Rate (World Bank)

  • 3.6% GDP Growth (World Bank)


The MIRPS is a State-led initiative, supported by UNHCR together with the wider UN system, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Integration System (SICA) and other relevant partners.

The MIRPS is the result of an extensive consultation process that translated national priorities and commitments into comprehensive and detailed national plans. The MIRPS constitutes a regional cooperation framework between countries of origin, transit, and destination, that promotes shared responsibility mechanisms, strengthens protection, and enhances solutions for refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and returnees with protection needs.

This regional process is also a clear expression of collaboration between governments, civil society, private sector, academia, regional and international organizations and development banks. The MIRPS serves as a practical tool to mobilize the support of the international community.


The National Action Plans identify specific programmes and prioritized actions, as well as the corresponding resources needed to strengthen the national and international protection systems and promote comprehensive and sustainable solutions.

The MIRPS also puts forward action plans by 15 regional and international organizations, including both SICA and the OAS, which complement the national chapters by proposing cross-border, coordinated programmes and initiatives.

Further, the MIRPS includes ten cooperating States that have committed to actively support the MIRPS, identifying specific areas they will support through financial assistance and technical cooperation. In line with the spirit of the Brazil Plan of Action, four States from South America participate in this shared responsibility mechanism, as an example of South-South cooperation.


As agreed in the San Pedro Sula Declaration, the MIRPS is understood as a dynamic and collaborative process, as reflected in a practical, detailed and living document. Thus, the six MIRPS states have agreed to work jointly to fine-tune their national chapters and to develop regional cooperation and responsibility sharing mechanisms, with the participation of all relevant stakeholders. Furthermore, the OAS was invited to develop a follow up mechanism for the implementation of the MIRPS and to facilitate the coordination and exchange of best practices.

Key Needs

  • The Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF) will aim at securing the support of different stakeholders to address the specific and quantified needs identified during the national and regional consultations, including through innovative responsibility sharing arrangements. Additional support would focus on strengthening of asylum systems; increasing prospects for access alternative legal pathways and durable solutions, through in-country processing programs and the Protection Transfer Arrangement (PTA) that offers protection to persons at heightened risk through evacuation procedures; promoting better targeted support by international and regional financial institutions; creating and leveraging new partnerships supporting those who are forcibly displaced and the communities hosting them through the employment and education opportunities or the funding of programmes and encouraging international recognition the extraordinary regional solidarity and responsibility-sharing mechanisms that exist in the Americas.

Existing Frameworks

  • Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action - In December 2014, the governments of Latin America and the Caribbean met in Brasilia to mark the 30th anniversary of the Cartagena Declaration on Refugees of 1984 and adopted by acclamation the Declaration and Plan of Action of Brasilia, agreeing to work together to maintain the highest standards of protection at the international and regional level, implement innovative solutions for refugees and displaced persons, and end the difficult situation faced by the stateless persons in the region.

  • San Jose Action statement - In the San Jose Action Statement, States in the region have already acknowledged the need for comprehensive actions to enhance protection and respond to the most urgent needs of asylum seekers, refugees, IDPs, migrants and returnees in the NTCA, and made a number of commitments to this end. The Declaration, which further builds on earlier commitments made in the Brazil Plan of Action, highlights that the region is well disposed to facing the current situation through cooperation and responsibility sharing mechanisms. Further, a wide range of active stakeholders from international organizations and financial institutions, civil society, private sector and academia are actively engaged with these mechanisms.

CRRF Partners

Under Development

  Latest Documents


  • 26 October 2017: North and Central American countries pledge support for Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF) in Honduras

    A regional conference hosted by the Government of Honduras in San Pedro Sula, concluded Thursday with a series of concrete initiatives by the countries in North and Central America to strengthen protection and solutions for asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons and refugees. States and other important stakeholders, including affected population, civil society, the private sector and the international community, have pledged strong support to all these initiatives. Further information concerning the regional conference can be found at

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